I have a question about a new HIV variant I have recently read about. The variant is called HIV 3 and is apparently a drug (HAART?) resistant form of HIV which progresses rapidly to AIDS. I am wondering if this variant of HIV 3 is picked up and detected by the standard ELISA or HIV 1/HIV 2 tests. Are previous negative results with an HIV1/HIV2 test at risk of inaccuracy if someone has this new HIV 3 variant? Thank you so much for your guidance and response.
A new variant of HIV was identified for the first time in a human several months ago. It was designated HIV-1 variant P, not HIV-3. Until now, all human HIV-1 infections were with variant M, the vast majority, and variants N and O, which are rare. M, N and O originated in chimpanzees; variant P appears to have evolved in gorillas. (HIV-2 is separate and originated in a different primate, the sooty mangabey.) Presumably research is underway to see if other humans have variant P, but only this patient is known so far. She is from Cameroon but was diagnosed in France. Her routine HIV antbody test was positive.
This is your 4th question on this forum in 2 years. You are welcome to ask questions within the limits of MedHelp's rules, but that includes a maximum 2 questions every 6 months on the professionally moderated forums. This will have to be the last until next August at the earliest. Just a heads up so you don't risk losing a future posting fee, since there are no refunds in case of excess posting.
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.