hello , we appreciate to answer my request: the Patient need to find answers to his following concern:
1- What was the reason for this raised enzymes that affect the cardiac for the next time
2- Is there any way to raise the Ejection fraction to be 50% or above
3- Can the Patient make another bypass surgery
4- Overall , what can be done with Patient to perform his cardiac activity
Description: the Patient IS 61 YEARS old , heavy smoker , who underwent a coronary artery bypass surgery in 2001 wherein he received one vein graft to diagonal, PDA and marginal and one LIMA to LAD
Current: the Patient has continued smoking for the last 11 years and presented with abdominal pain raised enzymes and ST depression which resolved with nitroglycerin echocardiogram showed wall motion abnormalities in the lateral and posterior territory and was referred for cardiac catheterization
1- Cathlab report: COR ANGIO–coronary angiogram(find the attached full and detailed report)
showed that Left main coronary artery, Left anterior descending artery, Left circumflex coronary immediately occluded and the vein graft stump is seen in the aorta occluded and there is no flow to the circumflex and the right coronary artery area except through the LMA and LAD collaterals but this vessel is excellent with an excellent anastomosis it also shows that the Right coronary artery the vein graft stump is seen in the aorta occluded and there is no flow to the circumflex and the right coronary artery area except through the LMA and LAD collaterals. None of the vessels are even amenable to PCI.
2- Blood test ( please find the attached full and detailed report )
Showed that most of the test are normal but calcium total (result 2.13, range 2.15-2.55) and platelet count (result 144, range 150-500) are low abnormal
3- Echo report ( please find the attached full and detailed report )
Showed the following:
a. (EF) Ejection fraction : 35-40%
b. Chambers: RV and RA: are normal size and function, LA: dilated, LV: mild degree concentric left ventricular hypertrophy. No SAM, mildly dilated left ventricular activity.
c. Valves : PV: structurally normal , TV :structurally normal with trivial tricuspid regurgitation , AV mildly thickened sclerotic, no significant gradient across, MV: mild mitral regurgitation center jet
d. Pericardium : normal Pericardium with no effusion
e. Vessels : aorta : normal aorta root , IVC : Normal size
Advice: patient need aggressive medical therapy and quit smoking which he already did
The cardiac enzymes are raised when there is any damage to the heart muscle. As the vessels are not viable to surgery, medical therapy has been advised. Taking the medications meticulously and following lifestyle measures like quitting smoking, adequately controlling hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes and maintaining an ideal weight will help improve the ejection fraction.
Can you tell me what it means when you have an Aortic pressure of:140/80
and left ventricle pressure of 140
What does Ejection Fraction of 69% 0f the left ventricle?
What does left ventricle end diastolic pressure of 14 mean?
And what does right ventricular pressure of 31 mm/Hg mean?
The aortic pressure and left ventricular pressure will help determine if there is any resistance to flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta, which can happen with aortic stenosis. Here the values are normal. The ejection fraction is a useful measure of left ventricular performance. The normal range is 63-77% for males and 55-75% for females. It reflects the pumping capacity of the heart. So, a value of 69% is normal. Left ventricle end diastolic pressure will help detect diastolic dysfunction. A value of 14 mm Hg is normal. A raised right ventricular pressure can occur with pulmonary hypertension. A normal value is less than 25 mmHg. So, 31 mmHg is elevated pressure.
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