The type of pain described by you is more consistent with a mechanical back pain, where in with movements like changes in posture or breathing, coughing and sneezing the pain is aggravated. Cough and sneezing cause the muscles to contract as a protective mechanism around the injured part and hence the pain. This is more common with small fractures or a herniated disc. So, I would advise you to consult your doctor at the earliest to rule out a fracture. A plain x ray may show up a fracture. But sometimes additional tests like CT, MRI, Myelogram and Bone Scan can provide additional information.
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