Of course. You can always have any tooth extracted and its always an option. The question is, why would you want to remove a tooth that you can save. If the prognosis of the tooth isn't good (as in the chance of success is low) then an extraction would be the proper treatment. But if you can save the tooth, that's definitely the better option. Replacing the tooth with a dental implant would be more costly and more time. Additionally, if you remove the tooth and not replace it, you lose use of the lower molar that is opposite of it so you're losing two teeth in some ways and some of the chewing efficiency with having a full set of teeth.
Sorry, I've had my wisdom teeth out. So it must be the next one in line.
Tooth #16 is a wisdom tooth, which is generally indicated for extraction, unless specific condition dictates .