Department of Medicine and Therapeutics and Institute of Digestive Disease, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Correspondence: Henry LY Chan, MD, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, 9/F Prince of Wales Hospital, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China (***@****).
Background. We studied whether quantification of serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels could predict spontaneous HBsAg clearance in patients with negative hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg).
Methods. Serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels were measured at baseline among a longitudinal cohort of 103 HBeAg-negative patients recruited since 1997.
Results. Twelve (12%) patients developed HBsAg seroclearance after 88 ± 26 months (range, 21–139) of follow-up. At baseline, the serum HBsAg level among patients who cleared HBsAg (1.30 ± 1.27 log IU/mL) was significantly lower than those who did not clear HBsAg (2.96 ± 0.84 log IU/mL; P < .001). The area under receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve for serum HBsAg to predict HBsAg seroclearance was 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83–0.97; P < .001). Nine (75%) of 12 patients who had HBsAg seroclearance versus 8 (9%) of 91 who remained HBsAg-positive had serum HBsAg ≤100 IU/mL at the baseline (P < .001). An HBsAg cutoff of ≤100 IU/mL had 75% sensitivity and 91% specificity to predict HBsAg seroclearance. Baseline serum HBV DNA could not predict HBsAg seroclearance; the area under ROC curve was 0.64 (95% CI, 0.46–0.81; P = .13).
Conclusions. Single-point serum HBsAg level can predict the chance of HBsAg seroclearance in chronic hepatitis B patients with negative HBeAg.
pls let me know if chronic hepa b carrier + could be a negative in time? what to do so to make it negative as i have big plan to work overseas but unfortunately i can't start or do this because i am chronic hepa b carrier. pls do advice. thanks
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