Medications for Opioid Withdrawal
Opioid withdrawal is difficult to endure, and is a major reason for relapse and continued prescription drug abuse. Medications are used to prevent symptoms of opioid withdrawal during detox, easing the person out of physical dependence:
Methadone is a long-acting opioid medicine. It activates the same opioid receptors as narcotics, effectively eliminating withdrawal symptoms. Providing the correct dose of methadone prevents opioid withdrawal symptoms and eases drug craving but it does not provide the euphoria. The dose can be slowly tapered off, freeing the person from physical dependence without withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is the most effective known treatment for narcotic addiction.
Buprenorphine (Suboxone or Subutex) are the newest medicines for detox from prescription drug addiction. Both activate opioid receptors, reducing drug craving and preventing withdrawal. Subutex is given during the first few days of treatment, while Suboxone is used during the maintenance phase of treatment. Like methadone, Suboxone can then be gradually weaned and stopped, eliminating physical dependence on opioids.
Clonidine is a blood pressure medicine that acts on the brain. Clonidine reduces the effects of the "fight or flight" response, which is over-activated during opioid withdrawal. However, clonidine does nothing to reduce drug craving, and is mostly ineffective when used alone.
"Rapid detox" programs claim to accelerate the process of detox and opioid withdrawal by giving large doses of opioid blocking drugs. Some programs place an addict under general anesthesia during the detox process. These programs have not proven to be more effective than traditional methods of detox, and may be more dangerous.
that is avery good post..hopefully someone or many will read and it will help get off those nasty drugs ..i had a 4 year love affair with them starting out for chronic pain and ending up addicted..there are also many many people who can take them for chronic pain and not end up like me they are strong willed people
the cycle of detox and relapse can be avoided if the aftercare is carefully planned.
too many just jump into detox and when it is over find it too overwhelming to cope without. that is how most got to that point in the first place.
a person has to sit down and take a good look at all the reasons they are using besides to keep from going into withdrawl. then one by one take care of each.
then quit and there will be no relapse.
good post with lots of great info! you should put it on your profile for people to read at anytime in the future. because this post will get old and lost.