How are you? Intracranial pressure, (ICP), is the pressure exerted by the cranium on the brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and the brain's circulating blood volume. ICP is a dynamic phenomenon constantly fluctuating in response to activities such as exercise, coughing, straining, arterial pulsation, and respiratory cycle.ICP is normally 0–10 mm Hg; at 20–25 mm Hg, the upper limit of normal, treatment to reduce ICP is needed.
It can occur due to mass effect created by tumors,hematoma, infarction or due to increased venous pressure, swelling of the brain, increased CSF production, blockage of the flow of CSF etc.
The treatment for IH depends on the etiology. In addition to management of the underlying causes, major considerations in acute treatment of increased ICP relates to the management of stroke and cerebral trauma.The standard modes of treatment are hyperventilation,controlling blood pressures with calcium channel blockers, reducing mass effect with craniotomies, inserting an extraventricular drain, medications like mannitol can also help.
Consult your neurophysician for further assistance.
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