Reduction of HBV replication prolongs the early immunological response
Background & Aims
The interaction between HBV replication and immune modulatory effects mediated by IFNα therapy is not well understood. We characterized the impact of HBV DNA replication on the early IFNα-induced immunomodulatory mechanisms.
We interrogated the transcriptional, serum cytokine/chemokine and cellular immune profiles of 28 patients with HBeAg+ chronic HBV infection (CHB) randomly assigned to one of 4 treatment cohorts (untreated n = 5, weekly dosing of 360 μg Pegasys® [PegIFNα] n = 11, daily dose of 300 mg Viread® [tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, TDF] n = 6, or a combination of both n = 6). Samples were characterized at multiple early time points through day 14 of therapy, after which all patients were given standard of care (180 μg Pegasys® injected subcutaneously, weekly).
PegIFNα induced a distinct and rapid up-regulation of IFN signaling pathway that coincided with increase detection of distinct serum cytokines/chemokines (IL-15, IL-6, and CXCL-10) and the up-regulation of the frequency of proliferating NK and activated total CD8+ T cells. IFNα treatment alone did not result in rapid decay of HBV replication and was not able to restore the defective HBV-specific T cell response present in CHB patients. In addition, the IFNα immune-stimulatory effects diminished after the first dose, but this refractory effect was reduced in patients where HBV replication was simultaneously inhibited with TDF.
We present here the first comprehensive description of the early effects of IFNα treatment on immune and viral biomarkers in HBeAg+ CHB patients. Our results show that PegIFNα-induced innate immune activation directly benefits from the suppression of HBV replication.
Copyright 1994-2016 MedHelp International. All rights reserved.
MedHelp is a division of Aptus Health.
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.