Maxillary sinus disease is an infection that affects the maxillary sinus cavity, one of the four sinus cavities in your head. It's the largest of the sinus cavities. It's also the most vulnerable to infection because of its location and drainage pattern. The maxillary sinus cavity is found below your eyes, on either side of the nose. Mucus from the maxillary sinus drains upward to the nasal cavity and therefore drains best when you lean forward with your head down.
Your maxillary sinus can become diseased or infected because of a blockage in the ostium, the opening through which mucus flows from the maxillary sinus. If you have an infected tooth near the area, the bacteria or fungus can find its way through the connection of the mouth and nasal cavity, down to the maxillary sinus area. A common cold or your normal allergies can put you at risk for this type of sinusitis.
Anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants are the most common way to treat maxillary sinus disease. Your health care provider may also advise you to use a warm compress on the area to relieve buildup or blockage. For more severe cases, your heath care provider may remove buildup or blockage through nasal irrigation with a syringe of warm salt water. For the worst-case scenario, you may require oral surgery, but this is very rare.
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